What are the similarities in present-day urban development between the US and the Western European nations due to global capitalism?

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Ch.6:Gottdiener, Mark T., and Ray T. Hutchison. The New Urban Sociology. Routledge, 2019.

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1.What are the similarities in present-day urban development between the US and the Western European nations due to global capitalism?

Global capitalism has lead to high population growth, decentralization of urban centers due to industrial shifts, increased suburbanization and a decline of government aid. These similarities also result in very similar social issues that each of the European countries face. In terms of population growth, much of this is attributed to increased immigration rates over the years. Taking a look at the United Kingdom, specifically London, over 15% of the population is a minority and of that over 35% were forgiven born ( Gottdiener et al., 2019, p. 157). This leads to a segregation in neighborhoods, much like in try United States. Segregated black neighborhoods are found in east London while Asian neighborhoods are found in the Heathrow area ( Gottdiener et al., 2019, p. 157). Industrial shifts have occurred throughout Europe. There has been a shift away from manufacture to a service sector heavy economy. This lead to the decline of urban centers and increased the rate of unemployment. The unemployed are experiencing higher levels of poverty due to many welfare programs being cut ( Gottdiener et al., 2019, p. 155). All of this issues are in one way or form paralleled to what can be found in the structure of the United States.

2. What are some of the ways state governments in Western Europe have responded to their crisis of decline in historical inner cities? How successful have they been?

In terms of preserving historical inner cities each country goes about the issue differently with varying levels of success. Starting with the United Kingdom, specifically London, there was a project to create “science parks” to accommodate the growing electronic industry that was booming in the city ( Gottdiener et al., 2019, p. 158). This had two main impacts for the city of London. The first being the impact it had on the housing market. With an increased rate of professional moving to the area, the rates for real estate increased. While this is good for the city economically it is negatively socially. There are increased levels of gentrification and is a harsh parallel to the communities that can be found in other areas of the city.

Another city that attempted to persevere it’s inner city is Italy. With such a booming tourist industry, they were able to keep revenue flowing in, but like in London, this had a negative impact on residents who call Italy home ( Gottdiener et al., 2019, p. 166).

Work cited:

Gottdiener, Mark T., and Ray T. Hutchison. The New Urban Sociology. Routledge, 2019.

( Gottdiener et al., 2019, p. 47-49)

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