University of Central Florida Brain Anatomy and Functions Essay I will attach an example of the assignment Assignment: Below are 2 lists. One is a list of

University of Central Florida Brain Anatomy and Functions Essay I will attach an example of the assignment

Assignment: Below are 2 lists. One is a list of brain structures, the other a list of common activities. Choose 3 activities, and for each activity, choose 3 brain structures (or systems) for a total of 9 structures. and explain how they might be involved in that activity. Be sure to justify your responses with information from class or from the text. This is a paper; so write it in essay format. Your paper should be 2-3 pages, double-spaced.

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Activities (choose 3):

Watching a horror movie

Giving a speech

Asking a question in class

Being caught speeding

Driving a car

Talking on the phone

Preparing your lunch

Dancing

Reading your textbook

Going to a concert

Playing your favorite sport

Writing an essay

Brain structures and systems (choose 3 per activity for a total of 9):

Amygdala

Occipital lobe

Basal forebrain

Parasympathtic NS

Broca’s area

Parietal lobe

Cerebellum

Raphe System

Corpus callosum

Reticular Formation

Frontal lobe

Sympathetic nervous system

Hippocampus

Temporal lobe

Hypothalamus

Thalamus

Medulla

Wernicke’s area Homework 2: Brain Anatomy and Function
While watching a horror movie, the emotion of fear is commonly expressed due to the
unexpected scary scenes. In our brains, the primary structure that is activated when we
experience fear is the amygdala—which is in charge of processing emotions. The frightening
sights in a horror film, such as a clown popping up out of nowhere, may trigger fear in the
amygdala. This part of the brain acknowledges that a threat is present and works towards
figuring out a response. From here, the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) receives the signal
and activates the fight-or-flight response, which is our body’s ability to decide how to react when
we feel that an event may be harmful to our well-being. At this stage, our heartbeat and breathing
increase, which may often times cause us to scream during a terrifying movie scene. This is
caused due to the connection between the ganglia and its axons, which may also activate the
adrenal glands that are in charge of responding to stress. Simultaneously, the parasympathetic
nervous system (PSNS) focuses on returning the body back to homeostasis following the
previously experienced fight-or-flight response. Here, the preganglionic axons act independently
to eliminate any fear. Ultimately, our heartbeat and breathing begin to decrease—which causes
us to calm down following a jump-scare in a horror film.
In another scenario, when we are talking on the phone with someone, our temporal lobe
is heavily involved. It plays a crucial role in the understanding of spoken language, which is
necessary when we are communicating to someone. This structure of the brain focuses on
hearing and is in charge of the primary auditory cortex, which processes the actual spoken
information coming from the other person. Therefore, we are able to understand the responses
that the person on the other end of the phone-call replies with. Alongside this, Broca’s area plays
a vital part in turning our thoughts into spoken words. Without this part of our brain, we would
not have the ability to produce speech and communicate with anyone on the phone, or in general.
Without it, the sounds can still be produced, however the actual language expression requires
Broca’s area to work effectively in our frontal lobes. Therefore, if we are speaking on the phone
with a family member, for instance, Broca’s area would be the reason that our words would be
expressed and turned into speech. Undoubtedly, Wernicke’s area also plays a critical role when
we are talking on the phone. It is in charge of determining the meaning of the language that has
been spoken, as it uncovers its context and helps us process the words. It works together with the
basal ganglia and the angular gyrus to process the words which have been spoken. Whenever we
speak on the phone, Wernicke’s area is the brain structure that is responsible for comprehension
of the actual meaning of the words that are spoken.
When we are playing our favorite sport, such as soccer, our brains are in charge of our
body movements. Primarily, the cerebellum is in charge of our movement and coordination. It
focuses on making sure that our balance and attention are secured. When we play soccer, our
mindset must be constantly set on the ball and we must remain coordinated to avoid any injuries.
Alongside this, the frontal lobe has a principal role in athletic activity because it contains the
primary motor cortex and the pre-frontal cortex. This area focuses on voluntary movement,
switching between tasks, and planning—which is essential because running, knowing who to
pass the ball to next, and aiming to score are necessary to succeed at a game of soccer. Within
the frontal lobe, the precentral gyrus is the actual part in charge of moving our legs and arms
during athletic activities. Fundamentally, the hypothalamus specializes in sending messages to
our pituitary glands to release hormones. During athletic activity, many hormones are elevated
due to the extreme emotions experienced during a game. For instance, epinephrine and cortisol
are released to increase heart-rate and to release the energy in the bodies of athletes.

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