Solution-What types of studies are conduct by | Homework Help

Question 1
Which nutrient contains the most kilocalories per gram?
A) fats/lipids
B) carbohydrates
C) protein
D) vitamins

Question 2
Carbohydrates, protein, and fat are known as_______.
A) macronutrients
B) micronutrients
C) prime nutrients
D) macrofoods

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Question 3
“Natural” is the word that the USDA uses to describe unprocessed foods.

Question 4
The nutrient intake level estimated to meet the needs of 50 percent of the individuals in a life-stage and gender group is known as the ________.
A) Estimated Average Requirement
B) Recommended Dietary Allowance
C) Tolerable Upper Limit
D) Average Needs Level

Question 5
The ________ are the maximum levels of daily nutrient intakes that are unlikely to pose health risks to almost all individuals in the group for whom they are designed.
A) Recommended Daily Allowances
B) Adequate Intakes
C) Tolerable Upper Intake Level(s)
D) Estimated Average Requirements

Question 6
Mary is looking for a way to identify a reputable supplement vitamin manufacturer. What is one factor that might help?
A) recommendations by the manufacturer
B) recommendations from a famous television personality
C) recommendations from a peer-reviewed journal
D) conclusions drawn from a single case study

Question 7
What types of studies are conducted by pharmaceutical companies before new drugs can be released in the market?
A) Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs)
B) epidemiological studies
C) case-control studies
D) Researcher Defined Trials

Question 8
John tries to eat a balanced diet every day, but some days are busier than others. He sometimes relies on “shortcuts” to get the nutrients that he needs. What is the technical term for a food that is rich in an essential nutrient?
A) free radical
B) functional food
C) direct aIDitive
D) indirect aIDitive

Question 9
A person who wants to include more phytochemicals in her diet needs to eat more _________.
A) fruits and vegetables
B) fats
C) meats
D) dairy products

Question 10
Lucy wants to make sure that the supplements she buys are safe and effective so she asks a lot of questions when she visits her natural foods store. Which question below will NOT help Leticia learn if a supplement is safe and/or effective?
A) Is the produce verified by the US Pharmacopeia?
B) What is the active ingredient and dosage?
C) Is there any evidence to support using this product?
D) How many customers purchase this supplement?

Question 11
The FDA regulates supplements under a different set of regulations than those covering “conventional” foods and drug products.

Question 12
Herbs are a safe way to increase the effectiveness of prescription pharmaceuticals.

Question 13
Dietary supplements are intended to treat, prevent, or cure diseases.

Question 14
Which of the following is an example of a functional food?
A) lettuce
B) walnuts
C) apples
D) cheese

Question 15
The breaking apart of foods into smaller units is known as _________.
A) digestion
B) metabolism
C) molecular function
D) absorption

Question 16
The primary function of the _________ is to store and concentrate bile from the liver.
A) kidneys
B) small intestine
C) pancreas
D) gall blaIDer

Question 17
Which of the following is NOT a digestive disorder?
A) lactose intolerance
B) irritable bowel syndrome
C) celiac disease
D) kidney stones

Question 18
Cheri suffers from celiac disease. The doctor tells her that she needs to eliminate all of the following from her diet EXCEPT _________.
A) wheat
B) rye
C) barley
D) rice

Question 19
_________ is the engulfing of particles as they are taken up into the cell.
A) Phagocytosis
B) Pinocytosis
C) Glucose uptake
D) Active digestion

Question 20
Excess consumption of highly-processed foods can lead to _____ .
A) Tooth decay
B) Obesity
C) Rickets
D) Headaches

Question 21
Place the following major organs of the gastrointestinal tract of the digestive system in order from start to finish, numbering from 1 (start) to 6 (finish).
small intestine
large intestine
5 small intestine
1 rectum/anus
2 esophagus
4 stomach
3 large intestine

large intestine
small intestine

Question 22
Accessory organs for digestion include:
A) liver, kidneys, pancreas, thyroid
B) salivary glands, liver, pancreas, gall blaIDer
C) parathyroid, esophagus, pancreas, gall blaIDer
D) small intestine, large intestines, salivary glands, mouth

Question 23
Most digestion and absorption takes place in the large intestine.


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