Points Of Distribution Benefits In Disaster Situations discussion I need a post and 2 replies on my classmates answers APA format references when you rep

Points Of Distribution Benefits In Disaster Situations discussion I need a post and 2 replies on my classmates answers

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Here is the question:

Points of Distribution (POD) can be extremely beneficial in disaster situations. They can also create concerns during an operation in regards to transporting supplies, safety, security and finding an optimum site for establishing a POD.

Pick one area, either beneficial or detrimental; briefly explain how that would affect a disaster operation, and how you would improve upon the process.

first answer:

Detrimental points of distribution (POD) adversely affect an entire disaster operation process. The application of a type III POD to manage disaster in a metropolitan city can be disastrous. The type III POD would serve only 5,000 people per day based on one vehicle representing a family of three people (Jaller & Holguín-Veras, 2012). Similarly, type III POD requires a staff of only 19 during the day and four during the night, it covers 150feet by 300feet space, and it has just three loading points with just one vehicle lane. Notably, a metropolitan city is densely populated, and the application of this POD to distribute critical emergency supplies such as food and water during the management of a disaster would increase disaster vulnerability. Therefore, the distribution centers would not meet the needs of residents due to understaffing in terms of assistance personnel, supply line, loading line and the vehicle line. The distribution centers would also be too small to accommodate an adequate emergency supplies.

I would recommend the use of type I PODs to enhance the efficiency of the disaster operation process. This POD would suit the metropolitan setup since it serves 20,000 people daily based on one vehicle representing a family of three (Jaller & Holguín-Veras, 2012). A type I POD requires a staff of 78 during the day and 10 in the night and a 250feet by 500feet space. Furthermore, it has four vehicle lanes and twelve loading points. Type I PODs would distribute food and water resources faster to manage the high demand for the emergency supplies. As such, the type I PODs would make the entire operation successful and efficient during a disaster management.

Reference

Jaller, M., & Holguín-Veras, J. (2012). Locating points of distribution in large urban disasters. Submitted to Transportation Science. Retrieved from https://www.floridadisaster.org/globalassets/impor…

second answer:

A Point of Distribution (POD) is where the public stops to pick up emergency supplies following a disaster. The POD is critical in disasters since they give the public access to emergency supplies after a disaster strikes. They need to support the normal distribution of food, water, or other supplies. The placement of (PODs) in a community must be a well thought out process. The Local Emergency Management Agency(LEMA) is the primary authority for the activation, operation, and demobilization of the PODs. LEMA manages the location and type of POD based on needs analysis, population density and current methods of commodity distribution.

Common Distribution Methods:

Mobile Delivery is a process that uses vehicles to drive into an affected area and provide commodities at different drop locations, where the need is recognized. This type of distribution is common in rural areas and where roads are damaged.

Direct Delivery is coordinated with a specific location, such as a shelter, feeding, and hospital for the delivery of specific items and supplies. These products could be food, water, comfort kits, etc. Direct distributions are usually more general and more accurate in commodity type than what is delivered through mobile delivery.

Points Of Distribution are centralized locations where supplies are delivered, and the public travels to the site to pick up the commodities.

A POD is categorized into three areas.

1- Supply line is where supply trucks, have room to unload. This area also holds staff care facilities including restroom facilities and rest tent.

2- Loading line is where supplies are put waiting on stacked pallets to be distributed to the public.

3- Vehicle line is where the public drives through to get supplies.

IS-26 Guide to Points of Distribution (PODs). (n.d.). Retrieved from https://harriscountyares.org/training/FMA/FMA-105….

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