List 3 forms of parenteral administration

Assessment Task
– Written
Student Name Student Number
Unit Code/s & Name/
s
Assessment Type ☐ Case Study ☐ Assignment ☐ Project ☐ Other (specify)
Assessment Name Short answer questions
Assessment Task
No.
AT2
Assessment Due
Date
10.06.2020 Date submitted
Assessor Name
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General Instructions:
APA 6th edition style in-text referencing must be used for ALL answers and
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misconduct.
This assessments aim is to demonstrate some of the knowledge required
to administer and monitor medications and intravenous (IV) therapy.
Read the questions below and use information obtained in the content from
this unit, resources suggested by your teacher and your own research,
answer each question. Ensure that you provide references where
appropriate.
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APA 6th edition style in-text referencing must be used for ALL answers and a reference list submitted
with the assessment.
1. Define the following terms:
Pharmacokinetics

Pharmacodynamics
Bioavailability

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First pass effect

Drug indication

Drug contraindication

Adverse drug reaction

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Therapeutic range

Toxicology

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2. List 3 forms of parenteral administration, and place an * next to the form that provides
100% bioavailability of a drug.

Identify and discuss 4 factors that affect absorption of a drug. (min 40 words)
1) Physical form of drug

2) Molecular size of the drug
3) Lipid water solubility

4) Concentration
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What factors can affect drug metabolism in an ELDERLY client and why? (min 40 words)
List 4 routes by which drugs are excreted. Provide examples of 4 chronic diseases that may
affect elimination of drugs.
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3. Match the formulation with the description.

b. What is meant by sustained or slow release? (min 30 words)

4. Complete the gaps in the following table with the * in them
Medication

5. Below is a list of commonly used drugs. Discuss the following five (5) points for EACH of
the drugs listed:
Describe at
least 3 Nursing
Considerations
for each of the
below
medications
(what you need
to know as a
nurse
administering
this drug, both
for you and the
client)
Describe at
least 3 Nursing
Considerations
for each of the
below
medications
(what you need
to know as a
nurse
administering
this drug, both
for you and the
client)
of vitamin k,
VKORC1.
6. Identify 6 actions that you may be required to do if you make a medication error
Inform the medical team immediately.
Provide the necessary medical assistance to the patient.
Disclose the event to the patient after relevant legal discussions. The hospital’s policies on
documentation and disclosure must be followed.
Create an apology to the patient
Initiate investigation to discover the cause of error.
Follow-up with the family to monitor the progress of the patient
Case Study 1: Anaphylaxis
1. What is anaphylaxis? In your answer, please outline the pathophysiology of
anaphylaxis and list five (5) common agents that may trigger anaphylaxis (min 100
words).
2. Adrenaline 1:1000 via intramuscular injection is the drug of choice for treating
anaphylaxis. What is this drug’s mechanism of action and how does it treat the signs and
symptoms of anaphylaxis? Why is it preferably given by intramuscular injection? (min
100 words).
3. Describe your role as an EN responding to Mr B’s nurse call bell. Include in your answer,

Case Study 2: Blood Transfusion.
1. Explain the rationale for administering a blood transfusion to this patient. (min 50 words)
2. Describe the potential complications of blood transfusion including what you would do if

3. What education would you provide to Mrs Jones to increase her awareness of the
symptoms of a transfusion reaction? (min 50 words)
4. Describe how to transport store, handle check and dispose of blood and blood products
safely. (min 50 words)
Case Study 3: IV Fluids
Jack King is a client who is on your ward with cholecystitis and is due to go to theatre in the
morning. He has been prescribed intravenous (IV) fluids overnight as he is nil by mouth (NBM)
1. Discuss why Jack has been prescribed IV fluids and provide one (1) example of a type
of IV fluid that he may be prescribed. (min 50 words).
2. Identify what you would need to record when administering IV fluids.
3. Discuss possible complications of IV therapy. (min 100 words).
4. The RN tells you that Jack’s blood results show an electrolyte imbalance. Identify one
common electrolyte imbalance and explain what would be given to treat this and how
this would be administered. (min 50 words)
5. Jack tells you that he does not want the IV fluids and that he was not going to let you
give them to him. Explain your actions relating to Jack’s refusal of the IV fluids. In your
answer identify who you would report this to. (min 50 words)

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