Energy and Environment Assignment | Get Paper Help
I will upload a file that contain detailed instructions. If you can do it well, tell me how many pages you need to complete this assigbment.1. Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES). This problem will require you to familiarize yourself with
statistical data provided by the International Energy Agency (IEA) at http://www.iea.org/. Once
you have identified the documents that you need, if they are not available free of charge through
the IEA web‐site, they are in most cases available (electronically) through the University of
Toronto Library System.
a. Create a single spreadsheet workbook with the following tabs: Canada, U.S., China, India,
U.K., Germany, France, Spain, Denmark, Japan and World.
b. In each case, obtain the latest available IEA data on Total Primary Energy Supply from the
corresponding Energy Balance table for each of the following: coal and peat; oil (which
equals the sum of crude oil and oil products); natural gas; nuclear; hydro; geo/solar etc.;
biofuels and waste. (Omit the electricity entry as it covers only imports/exports.)
c. For each tab in your workbook construct a pie‐chart displaying the energy shares of the
various energy sources in b. above. Ensure that your charts are properly labelled.
d. For each tab aggregate the data into three categories: hydrocarbons, renewables and
nuclear. Renewables include hydro, geo/solar etc., biofuels and waste. In each case
construct a pie‐chart illustrating energy shares of these three categories.
2. Per Capita Energy Supply. Using the latest data available from the International Energy Agency
and summarized in Key World Energy Statistics, available at http://www.iea.org/ or through the
University of Toronto Library System, construct scatter graphs for each of the following pairs of
a. GDP per capita v. TPES per capita
b. GDP per capita v. CO2 per capita
c. GDP per capita v. electricity consumption per capita
In each case, your data points should be for Canada, U.S., China, India, France, U.K., Germany,
3. CO2 Emissions. Tabulate the 10 countries with the highest CO2 emissions and their shares of total
world emissions. Use the latest available data from documents entitled Key World Energy
Statistics available at http://www.iea.org/.
4. Energy and Carbon Flow Charts (Canada). Download the energy and carbon flow diagrams for
Canada from https://www.economics.utoronto.ca/yatchew/. (These are very similar in structure
to those published by Lawrence Livermore Laboratories https://energy.llnl.gov/.)
Answer the following questions.
a. What proportion of electricity (and heat) is produced from coal; from natural gas?
b. What proportion of natural gas (domestic and imported) is exported? Which country
receives these exports?
c. Is Canada a net importer or exporter of petroleum? Could Canada meet its petroleum
needs from domestic sources?
d. What proportion of total energy originating in Canada is exported?
e. What proportion of total energy is ‘rejected’? Explain what is meant by the term rejected.
f. What are the energy efficiencies of the residential, commercial, industrial and
transportation sectors? Which sector is the least efficient? Why do you think this is the
g. What proportion of petroleum flows to non‐energy uses? What are these uses?
h. Construct a pie‐chart illustrating the shares of carbon dioxide emissions attributable to the
following five sectors: residential, commercial, industrial, electricity and transportation.
5. Market Equilibrium, Producer and Consumer Surplus and Deadweight Loss
The demand and supply of electricity between 2:00 PM and 3:00 PM on a typical summer
afternoon in Ontario is given in the table below.
40 10,400 8,000
50 10,200 9,000
60 10,000 10,000
70 9,800 11,000
80 9,600 12,000
a. Derive the linear function that fits the demand data.
b. Derive the linear supply function that fits the supply data.
c. What is the equilibrium price and quantity of electricity?
d. Suppose that, in an attempt to provide ‘affordable’ electricity to all housing, the
regulatory authority imposes a ceiling of $50/Mwh on the price of electricity.
i. How much electricity would be supplied at this price?
ii. How much electricity would be demanded at this price?
iii. What are the consequences?
iv. Assume that the regulator can impose rationing on consumers (e.g., by rotating
brown‐outs or black‐outs) what is the change in consumer and producer surplus,
relative to the previous market equilibrium, associated with the policy? (Calculate
the dollar amount of the change in consumer surplus and the dollar amount of the
change in producer surplus.)
e. Suppose that the Government imposes a tax of $10/MWh.
i. What price and quantity would prevail after the imposition of the tax?
ii. What portion of the tax would be borne by buyers and sellers, respectively.
iii. Calculate the deadweight loss from the tax. Could the tax be justified despite the
iv. What tax revenue will be generated?
6. Market Concentration and the Hirschman‐Herfindahl index (HHI)
Suppose the market shares of the top six energy firms in an industry are as follows.
Firm A B C D E F
Market Share 35% 27% 25% 8% 4% 1%
Assume that market shares of remaining firms are so small that they contribute negligibly to the
Hirschman‐Herfindahl index (HHI).
a. Compute the current value of the Hirschman‐Herfindahl index.
b. Suppose Firm D proposed to merge with Firm E. Compute the post‐merger value of the
Hirschman‐Herfindahl index. Compute the increase in the Hirschman‐Herfindahl index
caused by the merger.
c. Alternatively, suppose Firm A proposed to merge with Firm F. Compute the post‐merger
value of the Hirschman‐Herfindahl index. Compute the increase in the Hirschman‐
Herfindahl index caused by the merger.
d. In Canada, the Competition Bureau has published its Merger Enforcement Guidelines.
These do not rely upon the HHI. Instead, the Bureau provides “Market Share and
Concentration Thresholds”. Under what conditions will the Bureau not challenge a
7. Renewables programs and residential electricity prices.
Select five countries that have significant renewable energy programs. Your selection of countries
is part of your research problem. (I will not provide suggestions.)
For each of the five countries, prepare a brief summary of their renewable energy program (each
description should be approximately 200 words). Your discussion should provide your views on
the strengths and weaknesses of the program. A good source of information is the International