Discuss the terms ‘Gothic Revival’ and ‘Italianate’,


Essay Assignment   (individual) (2500 word text, plus full references to sources in either ‘Chicago’ endnote, or ‘Harvard’ in-text reference styles.)   Research and develop an essay on one of the following topics (or an appropriate alternate topic approved by your tutor or the course coordinator).   1. Established unilaterally in 1836 by the South Australia Company on the place known to its traditional owners as Tandanya, the City of Adelaide and its suburbs is, today, an expansive urban ‘space’ that has incorporated, subsumed, and sometimes concealed many different ‘places’ in the course of its short historical development, With reference to relevant scholarship, and the rich visual and archival records of early cultural encounters between Aboriginal Australians and European colonists preserved in the collections of the Art Gallery of South Australia and the South Australian Museum, discuss this contested ‘spatial history’.          2. Discuss the types and designs of buildings provided by government in early SA (1836-1880) for education, police, courts, post-offices, etc… Discuss style, precedents, local variations and construction method. How did these ‘public works’ contribute to the building of a new society, and/or reproduce the norms and forms of the ‘Old World’, or ‘other’ colonial societies from which they may have borrowed?    3. Examine three early construction types/methods in Colonial Adelaide. Locate local examples, describe and document each construction method, materials used and where these were sourced. What networks of technological dependency and/or economic exchange between this new world and the old did these methods sustain?    4. Discuss the terms ‘Gothic Revival’ and ‘Italianate’, and associated debates about morality and regional identity in architecture, as these styles were adopted in the architecture of colonial and South Australia. Use examples to illustrate your argument and reference origins overseas and local variations. 5. How have South Australian town and urban planners from 1900 onwards approached the idea of suburbia? What were the key influences from the planning theories of the day? Who were the key protagonists? Illustrate by comparing and contrasting suburbs of different design to support your argument. 6. What influences from the United States can be identified in South Australian architecture in the first half of the 20th century (ca.1890-1960)? Illustrate using local buildings and describing the architectural climate and influences of the period in South Australia. 7. Moderne vs Modern: compare and contrast four South Australian pre-1950 examples, choosing two civic or commercial and two domestic buildings for discussion. What differences and similarities are apparent? 8. Adelaide had a number local architects who could be considered as ‘pioneers’ of modern architecture in this state. Select and compare two of these architects and explain how their work and careers reflected broader developments and critiques in the modern architectural movement over the course of the 20th century, and how these forms and ideas were received by the South Australian establishment.   9. Government architects, such as George Kingston and E.J. Woods, or government agencies such as the SA Housing Trust under the directorship of Chief Architect Newell Platten, have played significant roles in the design of public buildings and housing. Select a particular government architect or agency and describe and discuss their impact in shaping the character and standards of architectural design in this state. 10. South Australia was opened-up and/or settled by migrants from many parts of the world other than Britain. Through a detailed description and critical analysis of the design and history of a particular building or artefact of landscape or urban design associated with one of those other migrant groups, discuss the ‘global’ dimensions of our local architectural and spatial history. 11. How have the architectural and/or landscape-architectural histories of South Australia developed differently and distinctively relative to other Australian states and regions? How might this reflect relationships between built environments, cultural practices and social structure? 12. “In the pursuit of sustainable development, communities have much to gain from adaptively reusing historic buildings. … Environmental benefits, combined with energy savings and the social advantage of recycling a valued heritage place make adaptive reuse of historic buildings an essential component of sustainable development”  (DEH, 2004). Select two South Australian examples of adaptive reuse of historic buildings, one that you consider to be very successful and the other less so.  Critically discuss and compare these two adaptive reuse projects, in the context of their heritage significance, original design, construction and setting, referring to established conservation principles (eg the Burra Charter). Historic and contemporary illustrations should be included.     Assessment Criteria (and weighting): o Content: contains a 2500 word text (approx.) that addresses a selected or approved alternate topic with sufficient scope and detail for a 3rd year undergraduate essay. (20%) o Structure & Argument: Exposition is logically organised and, beyond mere description, the essay analyses the content critically and develops an argument that is adequately and persuasively substantiated with references to appropriate examples and relevant literature. (50%) o Style, Grammar and Spelling: Text is easily readable and free of grammatical and spelling errors. (20%) o References: Evidence of appropriate and adequate research and scholarship is provided through thorough and consistently formatted references (either ‘Harvard’, or ‘Chicago’ styles) to all sources consulted, including sources for all supporting images and graphics that may be provided. (10%)   Note: Essays will be submitted through ‘Turnitin’. Students are therefore encouraged to preview their drafts for originality in ‘Turnitin’ before the final submission.   50%.

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