Differences between White abolitionists and black abolitionist

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1. COLLAPSE
There were many differences between White abolitionists and black abolitionist. One of the main differences is that whether you were an abolitionist or not , if you were black, freed or fugitive, the fugitive slave act gave slave hunters the right to walk up to a black man or woman, and say that they were a runaway slave and there was no jury trials for black, so 90% of the slaves were re enslaved. Because blacks were considered inferior and condemned to never be a citizen per the Supreme Court, black justice was very rare, which means blacks were more likely to be targeted of assault or harassment because the police would do nothing about it. It is also very different to empathize and to actually live through it. Most white abolitionists were never actual slaves. Also there were a lot of White abolitionist that were against slavery but were not pro African American civil right and equality. White Northerners were more worried about protecting their liberties than wanting to better the lives of African Americans.
2. Both groups had unique challenges based on their race and the ideals they championed. There is no doubt that white abolitionists had a easier time of spreading their ideals and where less likely to be met with a form of aggression while a effort to discredit them would be carried out rarely would violence play a role in this but the majority of the white abolitionist movement would hold ideals that differed from the black abolitionists. These differences mostly revolved around some ideas as to the current location of the black population many believing they should form their own towns and cities or be sent or incentives be set in place to go back to their homelands back in Africa. With the black abolitionists they yearned for the same rights under the constitution be recognized for everyone regardless of race and to preserve their cultural roots while some did hold favor for the separated communities the black abolitionists where more likely to have aggressive push back against them in the form of physical violence and more aggressive means put in place to discredit the movement and the ideals held but these actions would vary from area to area and being dependent on those making articles about the movement.
3.COLLAPSE
When slaves fled to Union lines and Union-controlled territories to capture their freedom starting in 1861, General Benjamin F. Butler deemed them contraband of war or confiscated Confederate property. General Butler gave them work as diggers, dockworkers, servants, laundresses, and cooks. They received army rations and wages with men making $8 a month and $4 for women. Increasing numbers of slaves fled the Confederacy, upwards of 200,000 black men and women, and worked in nonmilitary capacities. Men and women served as servants and spies. Men worked as road builders, carpenters, wagon drivers, livestock tenders, and foragers. Women worked as cooks, laundresses, teachers, and nurses. Many filled multiple roles. Some examples are Harriet Tubman who was a scout, spy, teacher, and nurse while also assisting slaves to freedom. Mary Elizabeth Bowser worked undercover in the Confederate White House as a house servant as she spied for the Union. Elizabeth Keckley served as the First Lady’s dressmaker and confidante in the Lincoln White House in Washington. Through her connections, Keckley established the Contraband Relief Association which was supported by Henry Highland Garnet, Frederick Douglass, and Sojourner Truth, all prominent abolitionists, who also raised food and money for black regiments who bravely served at wartime. The unpaid work of black women provided much humanitarian aid and helped to ease suffering from the battlefields and plantations of the South to the military hospitals and contraband camps in the North.
4. When you look at what black people were fighting for in this era is Equality, yet black men were just as cruel when it came to woman wanting equal rights. When a woman was appointed to the executive committee of the American Anti-Slavery Organization, the party split into 2 groups, because the males did not want a woman in their organization. Not only were women fighting for freedom from black suffrage but they were also fight for the equality between men and woman, whether they be black or white. One of the most influential woman activist was Sojourner Truth, She spoke out and, spoke out loudly to many people saying how she was just as good as any man. In this Era, a man was more important than a woman, because not only were African Americans denied the right of citizenship in America, even after the War, women ( black or white) still had to fight for equal rights.
5. The Civil War started when the Confederate States wanted to succeed in order to protect slavery in the south. The Union wanted to keep the South as part of a whole with he union. The Union was able to accept slavery in the south, as long as it didn’t interfere with way of life in the North. After Lincoln was elected President, the South feared he would slowly abolish slavery. But in fact it wasn’t until after the war had started that pressure was put on President Lincoln about abolishment of slavery.
6.COLLAPSE
After president Lincoln was elected, several southern states moved to separate from the Union in order to protect their right to own slaves. When these states successfully seceded from the Union, they became known as Confederate states. The southern states felt as thought Lincoln was elected by the north and that both the northern stated and President Lincoln were detrimental to the institution of slavery. However, in his 1861 inaugural address, Lincoln specifically stated “I have not purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery.” While the two sides had different views and opinions on slavery, the war ultimately began due to Lincoln’s insistence on maintaining the respect of the Union. Therefore, the idea that the war was really over slavery is not entirely true. As is the common theme with the white man throughout history, the war was over power and property
7. African American women were not allowed to join the military on either side durring the War. Slave women were given more responsibility like working more in the fields and helping keep the house in order and holding families together. They would also still have their own families to tend to. Even free black women had to more responsibilities of their husbands were off fighting in the war, the first 18 months, black soldiers weren’t paid at all. So black women had to fully support their families back home aswell. Black men either joined the Union or helped support the Union cause. As for white woman, plantation owners wives, had to help pick up the slack. Because it was easier for a man to escape to freedom, many women had children and didn’t want to risk being recaptured, and punished. So there was more women still on the plantations than men.
8. Both men and women served as spies during the Civil War. The women, arguable, had the more difficult times during the war. They were not only left responsible for caring for and raising the children, but they also put a lot of work into the actual war efforts. Women had to make up for the “slack” with the men fighting in the war. Black troops were not paid as well as white troops, so the women were not only caring for children and tending to their regular chores, but also making and selling baked goods and seeking paid work and opportunities to make up for the poor pay of their men. Specifically regarding the war, women works as spies, raised food and money for the men fighting, attending to their medical needs, and even buried the dead. The women took on the burdens of the war.
Deborah Gray White, Mia Bay, and Waldo E. Martin, Jr., Freedom on My Mind: A History of African Americans with Documents (ISBN: 978-0-312-19729-2)

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