Assignment # 1 Introduction: The Environment at Risk

Instructions and Example Paper Attached

Description:You will be given one environmental public health case assignments with questions that will be provided. The case assignments will require students to evaluate an environmental public health issue/problem and provide thoughtful answers. Activity#1, “One Health : Animals, Humans and the Environment in the Epidemiology of Chickungunyavirus” is now available in BB. You will read the materials, review the power point slides and the embedded videos in the slides and answer the review questions from the slides or from the attached file that I have enclosed with the questions typed from the power points as well. The syllabus should state a minimum 2 page (no more than 4 page) response to the questions.You will need to provide concise and accurate responses to the questions in a 2 page, 12-point font, single-spaced Word document uploaded to Blackboard. Cite at least 5 references using APA style format with a cover page and reference page.The student is required to type the question and then the answer right after the question.Cut and paste from reference material will not be accepted and may be considered plagiarism. Diagrams and figures are acceptable, however should not take up more than ¼ of your page size and do not count towards the 2 -page limit. Neatness counts! Points deducted for incomplete or incomprehensible sentences and/or poor grammar.

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Use this Required Format When Completing Individual Written Assignment

Lesson Assignment Number: Write out the Chapter title and Lesson number.

Name: Your name as listed as registered for the course.

Date: The date you upload your assignment to BB.

Question: I will provide you a question. You should respond as noted below.

Response: Provide concise and accurate response in a 2 page, 12-point font, and single-spaced Word

document. Cut and paste from material will not be accepted and may be considered plagiarism. Diagrams and

figures are acceptable, however should not take up more than ¼ of your page size.

References:Cite at least 5 references using APA style format. If you include the Friis text, you must list 2additional references.

Here Is an example of how the paper should look:

 

Cover Page:

Lesson Assignment #:Module Assignment # 1 Introduction: The Environment at Risk

Name:Wanda J. Pettijohn II

Date: 01/17/2020

1.Question:In your own words, explain the definition of environmental health and why it is important.

Response:Environmental Health is the alarmed study of all the parts of the natural environment (all living and non-living transpiring naturally) and built environment (or built world, which is man-made environment like buildings to cities) that alters humans health. Environmental Health is important because by maintaining a healthy environment around us would be vital to increasing our quality of life and years of healthy life for us all. If we as a community can understand what Environmental Health is and know the issues, then we can target how to prevent these issues and try to prevent diseases like cancers, asthma, or heart disease and try to help create health-supportive environments. We need to understand the environment because we are depending on the environment to sustain our life, such as having clean air, having safe drinking water, and having food to grow on the land just to name a few.

2.Question:List and briefly discuss three of (what you think) are the most pressing environmental health problems/issues facing theworld today.

Response: Three of the most pressing Environmental Health problems/issues facing the world today is first, Global Climate Change which is hitting harder and accelerating faster than many people predicted or could have ever guess would happen. Because of Global Climate Changes this past year we have seen many places facing floods and droughts in the world such as, the fires ravaging Australia and the Amazon. Global Climate Change and its impact on our lives and our livelihoods universal will no doubt be one of the biggest issues challenging us in the time ahead. Secondly, War and Terrorism is another pressing issue we need to look at when thinking about Environmental Health because war and terrorism can leave a wide-ranging inheritance on our landscapes through the world like how the atomic bomb did to the Japanese city of Hiroshima. “The explosion wiped out 90 percent of the city and immediately killed 80,000 people; tens of thousands more would later die of radiation exposure’’ (Editors, 2009). This type of environmental Health issues would cause the population to be exposed to diseases and many health issues due to the chemicals from an atomic bomb. Also, the environmental consequences of war and terrorism are wide-ranging, effecting the landscape from bomb damage, altered urban and rural environments, depleted forests and wildlife, cemeteries, museums and memorials. Lastly, another issue is Pollution which is considered to be one of the leading causes of death around the world today. As stated in the article, “The issue is particularly critical because pollution kills three times more people than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined, according to John Balbus, M.D., NIEHS senior advisor for public health’’ (Broadfoot, 2019). In a 2017 report pollution is being blamed for over 8 million deaths. This is alarming and is showing the population how these environmental health issues are endangering the constancy of the Earth’s support systems. We must address these issues to protect our surroundings and our health.

3.Question:List and briefly discuss three of (what you think) are the most pressing environmental health problems/issues in your hometown (orlocal area).

Response: Three of the most pressing Environmental Health problems/issues in my hometown or local area is first, Toxic Chemicals in the well waters of some of the residents living in parts of the Cumberland County area. In support of this the article states that, “A new study from N.C. State University has revealed that the levels of chemicals discharged by DuPont and Chemours into the Cape Fear River were significantly higher than previously believed and that the chemicals will not degrade in the natural environment’’ (Wagner, 2019). For the people, such as my sister and her family who are living near these areas of the region who are affected by this development, have had to already deal with more than two years of uncertainty after learning the PFAS chemical GenX was in their drinking water, this study poses even more questions for them that they would like to have answers to like what effects will they have later on from drinking the contaminated water. My sister and her family have been in and out of the hospital due to them being sick and the doctors not knowing what is wrong with them. This has been a headache for her and our family because we do not know if they will have long term effects from drinking contaminated water for as long as they have. As stated, “Researchers lack knowledge about how drinking the compounds, potentially for decades, could have affected the health of roughly 250,000 people who depend on drinking water drawn from the river’’ (Wagner, 2019). Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) chemicals are used in an assortment of products including stain-resistant carpets, dental floss, grease-resistant food bags and cell phone batteries to name a few. Also, “Knappe’s lab also produced the bombshell 2016 study showing that GenX, a PFAS discharged from Chemours’ Fayetteville Works plant, was traveling down the Cape Fear River, making its way through a Wilmington-area public utility’s water treatment system and into finished drinking water’’ (Wagner, 2019). These types of issues are a major issue because many people could become very sick later from drinking contaminated water. Another issue is Water Pollution in the area. Many people are polluting the waters and we must address these issues to help protect our health. As stated, “In recent years, North Carolina’s Cape Fear River has suffered from increased pollution generated by various industries in the watershed, particularly industrial hog operations. One notable impact of all this pollution has been on the levels of dissolved oxygen in the water, which have dropped to unnatural, dangerously low levels’’ (Southern Environmental Law Center, 2018). The Cape Fear River is the largest river system in North Carolina reaching across 29 counties in the area. This wide reach in an area known for its industrial agriculture has led to a heavy pollution load from these companies, much of it from run-offs coming from large-scale hog farming as stated before. We need to address these issues for our health as well in the long run. And a last Environmental Health issue in my area is Recycling. In North Carolina along, the residents generate over 11 million tons of trash every year. As our state’s population continues to raise, concerns are growing over where to dispose of all the trash that we amass. “That’s a lot of waste,” said John Roberson, the Solid Waste director for Wake County. “You wrap your mind around it, (and) it’s a lot’’. “The more trash we bring, the less we recycle,” Roberson said. “The less we recycle, the less life we have in (our) landfill’’ (Browder, 2018). By not helping fix these issues we are just causing ourselves more issues that is concerning with our health. If we all recycle then we can help prolong the life of landfills and extend our population’s life as well. If we address these problems/issues, then we can help prevent our own health issues as well in return.

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