Advertising Campaign And Brochure Marine Animal Protection Transform the essay (Topic of the essay is marine animal protection especially fish species) I a

Advertising Campaign And Brochure Marine Animal Protection Transform the essay (Topic of the essay is marine animal protection especially fish species) I attached below to 3 different genre which are Photo essay, Advertising Campaign and Brochure. Please provide the outline on how you going to do those three type of genre by the end of today. For example, for the photo essay, you could provide photos by the timeline. And for photo essay you should provide at least 8-10 photos and provide an introduction and explanation of each photo you chose. Running Head: MARINE ANIMAL PROTECTION – FISH SPECIES
Marine Animal Protection – Fish Species
Yunqi Zhu (Valerie)
Professor Maria Tomeho-Palermino
Critical Writing
Marine animal protection refers to the process of taking care of animals that live in water.
These animals are whales, fish, seals, and dolphins among others. In 1972, the marine mammal
protection act was created. This act is responsible for ensuring that all animals with water habitats
are protected and their extinction is prevented. This act also protects marine animals from being
hunted, killed and captured by people (Garner, 2016). The primary purpose of the act is to reduce
the rates of the import and export of marine animals (Garner, 2016).
This paper will focus more on the protection of fish as marine animals in bodies of water.
To protect the fish in water bodies, the United States implemented a fisheries law which is the
Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act. Before its implementation, fish in
the bodies of water were overfished by fishermen who sold the fish for commercial purposes. This
fisheries law was first implemented in the United States in 1976. Over the years, the federal
government has made changes in the law. In the year 1996, the government ensured the fish in the
ocean were fished to promote sustainable fishing by changing the act into sustainable fisheries Act
and later in the year 2007 the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act was
reauthorized (Draft, 2018).
The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act was the first and the
only essential source of federal law regarding marine fisheries law in the United States. This act
was implemented by the federal government to promote the United States fishing industry’s best
use of coastal fisheries by ensuring there is control in the bodies of water especially when it came
to fishing activities for commercial use (Draft, 2018).
Purpose of the research paper
The main purpose of writing this paper is to answer the research question “How have the
limitations and advantages of the marine animals’ protection act influenced the future of the marine
animals?” Through this research paper, I also want to assess and understand the laws that support
the fisheries law and assess the advantages and limitations that affect fish species and their
solutions. I also want to understand the future of the fish species and that of human beings. This
will give a better outlook on how everyone perceives the marine animals and especially the fish
Roles of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act
Some of the roles and responsibilities of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and
Management Act in the United States were to conserve fisheries and their surrounding resources,
to reduce overfishing, and to support and help in the enforcement and implementation of
international fishing agreements and treaties. According to the Draft 2018, these treaties work to
ensure that fish are protected in the international waters. Additionally, the act helps to protect and
conserve fish habitats from pollution and other human activities that lead to a decrease in the
production of fish. The act also ensures that the underdeveloped and underutilized fisheries are
developed. This is evident since the fisheries industries have been developing over the years.
Eventually, the act helps in the implementation of policies and regulations that aid in the protection
of fish in the water bodies (Draft, 2018).
Fisheries Laws in the United States
In the protection of marine animals, some of the laws involved are like the endangered
species act which helps to protect and conserve the endangered species and their ecosystems. The
Rothwell & Stephens, 2016 also present. another law which is the fish and wildlife conservation
act which is used for conservation and the protection of programs. In addition, the international
fisheries law and policy portal helps to implement international laws and agreements on fisheries.
Other laws are like the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the fishermen’s protective act, the
national fish habitat conservation act and the office of sustainable fisheries. According to Rothwell,
& Stephens, these laws help to protect fish in the water bodies, and they help to work with the
government and other organizations to protect and conserve fish and their ecosystems in the water
Advantages of marine protection especially the fish species.
The advantages of protecting the fish species are to help protect biodiversity which serves
to increase their productivity. Secondly, there is an increase in the resilience and the maintenance
of the ecosystem services. Well maintained ecosystems promote healthy and durable living
conditions for the fish species, according to García-Rubies et al. (2012). Thirdly, protection of fish
also helps in providing more information on environmental health. This information helps to
protect fish and their environment and to analyze and evaluate human impact on the marine
Fourthly, protection of fish has also helped to increase recreational and tourism
opportunities within the different countries where the law has been implemented. This is because
the ecosystem is also taken care of, and this improves the scenic beauty of marine life. Therefore,
the local and foreign tourism develops and so does the opportunities in the country. More tourism
activities lead to more and increased foreign currency in a state which in turn grows the profit
margins in a country and the economy also develops, (García-Rubies et al., 2017).
Another advantage of protecting fish is that the industry most likely can develop with the
increase in commercial activities. Marine protected areas produce more fish which are sold, and
this could increase the profit margins. With a healthy ecosystem, the production of fish increases
which means that the harvest of fish and other marine life is higher. Eventually, the protection of
fish also helps to promote the departments of science and education. Many researchers spend their
time gathering information about the marine environment. Education and information have also
contributed to creating a knowledgeable society where people can take care of the fish species,
(García-Rubies, et, al., 2017).
Limitations of the fish species protection.
Climate change is the biggest challenge that the fish species faces. It has had a lot of
changes in the marine life environment which are usually always negative. Climate change and
global warming are most evident in the Arctic and ant-arctic areas. Jennings et al., (2016) claim
that global warming has increased the temperatures in the water bodies which may affect the
productivity of fish. Additionally, the acidity and alkalinity in the water bodies increase due to
climate change and global warming, altering and destroying the fish species and their environment.
Secondly, the death of fish from the strikes of the different water vessels in the water bodies
has contributed to the reduction in the number of larger marine animals. These vessels are like
boats and ships in the ocean. This is the number one cause of the death of whales and other big
fish. Thirdly, contamination of the water bodies is another major challenge that degrades the efforts
of protecting the fish species in the world. This means that waste in waste bodies may disrupt
marine animal activities. With the disruption, the fish productivity reduces and also the number of
fish drops according to Jennings et al., (2016).
Another challenge is the loss of habitats and biodiversity. Loss of biodiversity and habitats
leads to reduced productivity, and pollution and human activities may cause loss of habitat. Oil
spillage by tankers and other vessels in the water bodies is another challenge. Oil spills have
affected the breathing patterns of fish. Difficulty in breathing leads to the death of the fish in water
bodies, hence, reducing their numbers which may possibly also lead to the extinction of these
animals (Jennings et al., 2016).
Jennings et al., (2016) explain that pollution from agricultural processes and poor farming
practices could lead to the contamination of water bodies and lead to the death of marine animals.
The chemicals are toxic, and they end up suffocating the fish which lead to their deaths and later
possibly extinction. Commercial hunting is another challenge. Overfishing for industrial uses is a
challenge that leads to the destruction of many marine animals. However, some laws prevent
overfishing from protecting certain species of fish from extinction,
Solutions to challenges facing fish species protection.
Human-caused challenges could be solved by enacting laws, policies, and regulations to
prevent people from destroying marine environments. People should be given penalties for
damaging the marine environment. Creating public awareness is also another way of solving
problems in fish species protection. Finally. it is also vital to promote capacity building so the
general public can help in protecting marine animals (Jennings et al., 2016).
Impacts of the fisheries law on the future of the fish species
Before the implementation of the fisheries law, fish in water bodies faced a lot of challenges
as listed above. Overfishing and climate change issues were among the first challenges that led to
the extinction of certain fish species. According to Sumaila, et al., (2016), a fisheries law has been
implemented in most countries both locally and internationally. This shows that the fish species
have a future and they may not go extinct. This is because the fisheries law ensures that the species
are protected from human destructive activities and from climatic changes. Other laws have been
put in place to support the protection of fish in water bodies. Every country should implement laws
to protect the remaining species of fish in the water bodies.
Impacts of the fisheries law on the future of human beings
Overall, people have received positive feedback from the roles that the fisheries law
contains to ensure that the goals and objectives are carried out successfully. With the
implementation of the fisheries laws and acts, people can maintain their source of livelihood and
these regulations still protect the fish and other marine animals. Additionally, people have been
introduced to aquaculture which has helped them to conduct their commercial fish activities
despite the fisheries law. They can also get food from fishing since there are times that the fisheries
law allows fishermen to practice fishing. Human beings may have been negatively impacted by
the fisheries law since overfishing is not allowed, but through aquaculture, they have been
sustained in terms of income and food resources (Sumaila et al., 2016).
In conclusion, the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act is a
fundamental law which has been implemented to help in the protection of marine animals. This
law has been able to protect the fish species in water bodies which would otherwise be extinct by
now. This law has helped to reduce overfishing for commercial use and also conserve and protect
the different species of fish.
Draft, H. D. (2018). Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act. Public
Law, 94, 265.
García-Rubies, A., Cebrian, E., Schembri, P. J., Evans, J., & Macpherson, E. (2017). Ecological
effects and benefits of mediterranean marine protected areas: management
implications. Management of Marine Protected Areas: A Network Perspective, ed. PD
Goriup (Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell), 21-48.
Garner, R. (2016). Political animals: Animal protection politics in Britain and the United States.
Jennings, S., Stentiford, G. D., Leocadio, A. M., Jeffery, K. R., Metcalfe, J. D., Katsiadaki, I., …
& Peeler, E. J. (2016). Aquatic food security: insights into challenges and solutions from
an analysis of interactions between fisheries, aquaculture, food safety, human health, fish
and social welfare, economy and environment. Fish and Fisheries, 17(4), 893-938.
Miller, T. J., Jones, C. M., Hanson, C., Heppell, S., Jensen, O. P., Livingston, P., … & Wong, R.
(2018). Scientific Considerations Informing Magnuson–Stevens Fishery Conservation
and Management Act Reauthorization: AFS Special Committee. Fisheries, 43(11), 533541.
Rothwell, D. R., & Stephens, T. (2016). The international law of the sea. Bloomsbury
Sumaila, U. R., Bellmann, C., & Tipping, A. (2016). Fishing for the future: An overview of
challenges and opportunities. Marine Policy, 69, 173-180.

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