What is our Ethical Obligation to the Environment, our Biotic Community Assignment | Get Paper Help

Note: this is a general question, but your answer in the form of a thesis must be specific and narrow. There are many possible answers, so select your concept(s) or principle(s) as you see fit. Guidance Based on what you have learned in this module, present, defend, and support your own specific ethical argument, borrowing some ideas from others as needed. Keep the image of your audience in your mind at all times. Imagine that they are resistant to being told, as so many teenagers are, what to value or how to think. Imagine, also, that they are terrified or angry at the prospect of having to take on such responsibility. They will object to or question what you propose, and you will have to defend your ethics with reasoning, as well as principles, facts, and examples. Ground your argument in “The Land Ethic.” Length: 1250-1500 words approximately. Format: Use MLA format for the layout of the essay, as well as citation and documentation. Do not guess at the format. Consult as needed: MLA format. Sources: Use the materials we have read or viewed in this module. Draw examples and evidence from these sources. You paper is also a demonstration of what you are learning in this course. If you need current data about environmental issues, you should do additional research, but this is not a research paper; it is an argument for an ethical obligation. Most importantly, this is your original argument, not someone else’s. Your unique voice and critical point of view matter here. I am interested in what you think. Checklist: Argument related, detailed title Hook Argumentative Thesis (claim and rationale) 4 to 6 or more body paragraphs with thesis-related topic and conclusion sentences Evidence, examples, and reasoning drawn from course materials Strong final paragraph that draws the big conclusion from the body Careful editing MLA formatted Works Cited

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Reviewing the Academic Essay–
The thesis is always the last sentence of the intro. Make sure that you lead up to this sentence
and avoid any logical gap between the sentences that set up the debate and the thesis statement.
Development of Evidence and Reasoning in Paragraphs
Each body paragraph aims to argue in a unique way for the claim and against the counterclaims
(objections, opposition) with concrete evidence and reasoning that bridge facts and concepts with
your position.
Body paragraphs develop the thesis in greater detail and complicate or deepen the debate
established by the essay.
Each body paragraph begins with a topic sentence that relates directly to the thesis. In this way,
the thesis drives every paragraph.
The middle of a paragraph consists of developing sentences and evidence to support your thesis.
As you develop your argument, use well-integrated quotations, statistics, or data to back up your
position. The goal is to give strong reasons for your claim.
Reasoning and rhetorical strategies demonstrate the value or strength of your position. Show how
you arrive at your understanding. Demonstrate the reasoning process for your reader. Appeal to
the targeted audience appropriately with logic, credibility, ethics, and/or emotion, in any
combination that will be effective.
Avoid merely lamenting a problem. We usually do not need to argue that a problem exists. Rather,
the emphasis in an argument falls on the change or solution you want, not the problem that needs
our attention. In other words, arguments are constructive.
You are arguing for a shift in ethics or values. You are arguing for a new or better way of thinking,
understanding, and valuing.
Each paragraph should also anticipate objections, acknowledge counter arguments, and refute
them. To argue well is to argue against the anticipated objection or opposing viewpoint and offer a
better or stronger position.
A paragraph ends with a strong, winning conclusion sentence that, like the topic sentence,
reinforces the thesis. Conclusions are drawn from evidence; therefore, the last sentence in a body
paragraph should draw a final point from the evidence and reasoning presented.
Essay Conclusion
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The last paragraph is the MOST IMPORTANT statement of your position on this matter. Think of
the last paragraph not as a repetition of your points but the opportunity to draw the most
significant or important conclusion for your audience. Based on the evidence and reasoning
presented in the body paragraphs, what must this audience conclude? You can also use the
conclusion to win your argument, inspire or move your audience, and/or contemplate the next
step. Return to your “hook” in some way to round out and provide closure.
Do not use the phrase “in conclusion,” as it is worn out.
Clarity, Form, Citation
A polished essay should have no significant grammar or sentence structure errors. Diction (word
vocabulary) should be precise and appropriate to the subject.
Good prose is
succinct rather than wordy
clear rather than foggy
direct rather than vague
All references to sources must be acknowledged and cited using MLA format—always.
Edit and revise your paper very slowly, attending to every sentence. Read the paper out loud, get
others to read it, and give yourself a lot of time to polish the prose. Use concrete nouns,
adjectives, and vivid examples. Use current and meaningful data.

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Reviewing Thesis and Introduction
Remember what you need to accomplish in the first paragraph of the essay. A good introduction
does three things:
1. Begins with a “HOOK” to draw the reader’s attention to your topic. You can get a reader’s
attention by telling a story, providing a statistic, pointing out something strange or interesting,
or providing and discussing an interesting quote. Your opener or hook follows directly from
your title to start off your argument for meaning. Working with the TITLE, the hook begins to
narrow the focus of the paper (more TIPS on titles)
2. Provides necessary background information. Don’t start too broad, for instance by talking
about how ethics are important or how we are in an environmental crisis. Start with the prompt
and narrow the focus right away. Tell your readers what they need to know to get their
bearings in your topic, for example, the key concept or concepts or principles that will drive
your argument, or the central concerns or questions you will address. The key here is to
introduce only the relevant background–relevant to your argument.
3. Leads to an argumentative THESIS STATEMENT. The thesis statement is always the last
sentence of the introduction. All of the other sentences in this paragraph lead to this sentence-
-the most specific claim for meaning. After reading this sentence, the reader will expect the
paper to prove and demonstrate this–and only this–debatable and controversial claim.
(Hint: the thesis, hook and title all work together, so highlight each of these elements to check the
continuity of your thought.)
Now, as you recall the THESIS is a lot like a position in a debate. Your thesis statement expresses
your argument or position as a CLAIM—that is, what you claim to be meaningful—and
RATIONALE—or the reason or logical basis for this claim.
Your claim is your assertion of what you think is best or true regarding a controversial topic.
Your rationale is your reasoning process or a logical basis for this claim.
In other words, a thesis succinctly states what you are arguing for (claim) and why or on what
basis (rationale). It acknowledges that there are other perspectives–disputes, objections, or
challenges (we sometimes refer to these as counterclaims or counter arguments in the essay), but
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challenges (we sometimes refer to these as counterclaims or counter arguments in the essay), but
aims to prove that yours is most sound.
Think of it this way: when you create a thesis, you are entering a debate over meaning, and your
claim is your conviction. Your conviction—what you believe is meaningful, right, or important—is
rooted in a set of reasons or a reasoning process that you have thought through carefully. When
you make a claim, imagine your reader asking you why—why do you think this? how did you
come to this conclusion? Along with your claim, include—in a phrase—your main reason for your
position. This will demonstrate your readiness to argue for and defend your claim in the face of
opposing viewpoints or objections.
Take away: An argumentative thesis has two parts: a claim and rationale. In other words, the
thesis asserts a debatable position and a reason for that position (as opposed to a different one or
because its the best, most reasonable, etc.). Yet another ways of saying it: the thesis asserts
what you want and why.
Thesis Characteristics:
All thesis statements should be:
NARROW rather than broad
SPECIFIC rather than general
DEBATABLE, or controversial rather than factual
Obviously, there is a lot of pressure on the thesis statement. That is why it is best to start with a
preliminary or draft thesis, then revise as you write. We rarely end up where we start when
writing. It is all subject to refinement and revision.


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