John F Kennedys Inauguration Address 1961 Passage Analysis Paper Write a passage analyzing the grammar of the passage below. As best you can, identify the

John F Kennedys Inauguration Address 1961 Passage Analysis Paper Write a passage analyzing the grammar of the passage below. As best you can, identify the grammatical role of significant words, phrases, and clauses, and explain why these were chosen. Also discuss how rhetorical figures affect readers and contribute to the success of the passage. (60 points) In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility—I welcome it. I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation. The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it—and the glow from that fire can truly light the world.And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country. (Taken from John F. Kennedy’s Inauguration Address, 1961, when he was the youngest candidate ever elected to the presidency and the country’s first Catholic president.) Rhetorical Figu
Example of Alliteration:
The big butterfly is so enormous that
people believe three flying side by side
could start 80-mph windstorms.
Example of Anadiplosis:
Reading is an activity that makes a
difference, and this difference cannot be
minimized or foreshortened…
Example of Anaphora:
All that is left upon me is the scent of her
perfume and I find, even once I hang the
phone up, that I can’t get rid of the smell. I
can’t get it off me. I can’t stop thinking of
her and I see things. I see her in my
deepest thoughts.
–Louise Erdrich
Example of Anastrophe:
Through the mobbed streets the police car
Example of Antithesis:
United there is little we cannot do in a host
of cooperative ventures. Divided, there is
little we can do—for we dare not meet a
powerful challenge at odds and split
–John F. Kennedy
Example of Apposition:
Middlemarch, an 850-page novel that
nobody ever wished longer, is considered
one of the greatest British novels of all
Example of Assonance:
When I’m up to my knees in honeysuckle, I
beat a retreat and visit the duck pond.
–Annie Dillard
Example of Asyndeton:
To outsiders, they look tough, scruffy, poor,
Example of Ellipsis:
Four questions you should ask about a
Example of Epistrophe:
One cannot think well, love well, sleep
well, if one has not dined well.
–Virginia Woolf
Example of Parallel Structure:
What they most wanted from their
vacation was good weather, good
visibility, and good birding.
Example of Parenthesis:
That restaurant at the end of the block
(the scene of the worst all-time date of my
life) serves half-way decent food.
Example of Polysyndeton:
I will put my law in their inward parts, and
write it in their hearts, and will be their
God, and they shall be my people.
–Jeremiah 31:33
In this last section, you will write a short “essay”
explaining why a passage is rhetorically effective. You
should draw on everything we’ve learned in class and
o Write a thesis that encapsulates why it’s well written
Address the purpose and audience for the piece
o Show how the author satisfied the purpose and
audience through the careful choice of
Syntactic elements (placement in the sentence for effect and
Stylistic elements like rhetorical figures
Grammatical elements like verbals, clauses, and phrases
Diction and voice
10. Write an essay analyzing the grammar of the famous
sentence below. As best you can, identify the
grammatical role each word, phrase, and clause plays
in the sentence.
The pundits like to slice and dice our country into red states
and blue States: red states for Republicans, blue States for
Democrats. But I’ve got news for them, too. We worship an
awesome God in the blue states, and we don’t like federal
agents poking around our libraries in the red states. We
coach little league in the blue states and, yes, we’ve got
some gay friends in the red states. There are patriots who
opposed the war in Iraq, and there are patriots who
supported the war in Iraq. We are one people, all of us
pledging allegiance to the stars and stripes, all of us
defending the United States of America.
In this famous speech, Obama is attempting to bring the
country together by showing that the stereotypes of each
political party do not hold up in America. At the 2004
Democratic Convention, where so many speeches are by
and for Democrats, Obama tried to unite the country based
on what we have in common, and he was figuratively
opening his arms to non-Democrats across the country.
He begins with a subject that nobody much cares for,
pundits who try to tear us apart by demonizing the other
side. And he says that they “slice and dice,” an informal
way of saying “divide,” the country based on party. He
intentionally ends that first clause with red and blue states
in order to follow it up with the meaning of red and blue.
He follows that sentence with one that contrasts with the
pundits. He uses assonance in the next sentence to connect
“awesome God,” and he uses assonance and alliteration to
connect the ou sound and the r consonant sound.
Throughout he uses antithesis to show what we do and
don’t like, often in reverse order of our expectations. For
example, he uses little league baseball for Democrats and
gay friends for Republicans.
Next he uses anaphora with “there are” and epistrophe with
“war in Iraq,” with antithesis between opposed and
His last line makes his point in the dominant clause: we are
one people. Then he follows that with anaphora with “all of
us” repeated in two absolutes. He ends with what unites us,
and it’s intentional that the last lines are the “United States
of America.”

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