Describe the prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells | Homework Help

Unit 2: The Cell ?1. 2. 3. 4. Unit 3: 1. 2. 3. Unit 4: 1. 2. 3. Ch. 6 – Describe the similarities and differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Select 3 eukaryotic cell organelles that you think you will enjoy studying. For each one, draw and explain the function of this organelle and tell what you find most interesting about it. Ch. 7 – Describe the differences between passive and active transport. For each of these types of cell transport, describe several different examples. Ch. 12 – Find and view a website that animates or illustrates the steps of a normal eukaryotic cell cycle. Describe how cancer and the cell cycle are related. If you can find a website that illustrates cancer formation, explore and include this too! Ch. 27 – Prokaryotes can have both harmful and helpful impacts on humans. List and describe 2 harmful and 2 helpful impacts. Cellular Energy Ch. 8 – What is metabolism? Describe how ATP and enzymes are related to metabolism. Ch. 9 – In your own words, describe the major purpose of cellular respiration. Ch. 10 – Describe the importance of photosynthesis to life on earth. Molecular Genetics Ch. 16 – What is the role of DNA in living things? Describe the structure and parts of a DNA molecule. Briefly, describe how DNA replicates. Use illustrations. Ch. 17 – Describe the relationship between genes and proteins. Compare and contrast the structures and functions of DNA and RNA. Ch. 18 – Compare and contrast viruses and bacteria. Describe some diseases caused by each type of microbe. Are viruses living things? Explain your answer. ?? 4. Ch. 20 – This chapter describes a number of research techniques that are used to study genetics and DNA. Describe ONE of these techniques and describe what types of things we can learn from using this technique. Find, visit, and list a website that describes or simulates the technique that you chose. 5. Ch. 21 – Describe how mammals can be cloned. Humans are mammals, but so far no humans have been successfully cloned. Do you think we should try to clone humans? Defend your position. Unit 5: Genetics 1. Ch. 13 – Compare and contrast sexual and asexual reproduction, and list the advantages and disadvantages of each type of reproduction. Describe the most significant differences between mitosis and meiosis. 2. Ch. 14 – Look through chapter 14 (and/or any other resources related to Mendelian genetics) and use the information to answer questions: a. In Goozels (mythical creatures), wheel­shaped legs are dominant to stick­shaped legs. Two heterozygous wheel­legged Goozels mate and have twelve little Goozels. How many (if any) of these offspring should have stick­legs? Select appropriate symbols and show your work. b. What do you think will be the most interesting topic to study in this chapter? 3. Ch. 15 – Describe a chromosome. Describe a genetic condition (such as Down Syndrome) that can result when chromosomes don’t separate correctly during meiosis. Unit 6: Evolution and Phylogeny 1. Ch. 22 – This is the introductory chapter for the evolution unit. Look through the topics covered in this chapter and describe the ones that you think will be most interesting to study. Explain your choices. 2. Ch. 23 – Why are populations considered to be the smallest unit of evolution? Explain the roles of mutation and sexual recombination in the process of evolution. 3. Ch. 24 – Discuss the biological species concept. Reproductive isolation is one of the major processes that keep species separate from each other. Distinguish between pre­zygotic and post­zygotic barriers that contribute to reproductive isolation and provide an example of each. 4. Ch. 26 – Describe how scientists think the first eukaryotic cells were formed (endosymbiosis theory). Unit 7: Animal Form and Function 1. Ch. 40 – 49 – Look through these ten chapters (during the year, we will cover some parts of all of these chapters but not all ten in detail!). Select the FOUR chapters that you think you will most enjoy studying. For each chapter, briefly describe the purposes and major structures of the body systems featured. Also, describe what about these particular chapters appeals to you. Unit 8: Plant Form and Function 1. Ch. 35­39 – Look through these five chapters and find TWO concepts (identified in blue and red by concept number – such as concept 35.1 on p. 713) that you think you will enjoy studying. Briefly describe this concept and explain why it appeals to you. You only need to find TWO within the five chapters, NOT two per chapter. Unit 9: Ecology 1. Ch. 50­55 – Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and the environment. These interactions are critical to keeping us alive. Look through each chapter and list the single concept within each chapter that you think is the most important concept in the chapter. Explain why you believe that is the most important concept. 

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