Canada and the Challenges of International Development
Answer one of the following four questions. Your answer must be in essay format: introduction, body, conclusion. Your essay must include a thesis statement. You must anchor your answer in one or more of the theoretical frameworks discussed in class during Weeks 2 and 3 and in the Textbook, Chapters 1, 2 and 3. In your essay, you must refer to at least three reputable academic sources other than those included in the course syllabus. In your essay, you must include at least one table, graphic, map, photograph, diagram or other graphical tool for displaying information. Your graphical tool must be relevant to your essay. If you did not invent it, then the source of your graphical tool must be properly acknowledged. Your essay must be at least three pages long and no longer than five pages, including all footnotes and end notes, but excluding the cover page and bibliography. The cover page must include the course code and course name, your name and student number, the date and the question that you are answering. Number your pages. You must use Times New Roman, 12 point font, with all margins set at 2.5 cm, and line spacing of 1.15, just like this page. Citations, references and bibliography must be in APA Style. Your essay is due on 20 November 2020 at 23:55. Essays that are submitted late and without good reason will attract a penalty of 5% per day late or part thereof. Submit your essay via the Brightspace portal. If you cannot access the Brightspace portal, then save your work as Microsoft Word file or PDF and email it to your TA at the earliest possible opportunity. MS Word files and PDFs sent by email after the deadline will not be accepted if the date and time feature has been disabled or tampered with. Here are your four questions. Answer ONE of them: Dissect the myth of Canada as a nation of peacekeepers. Why is “Canada as a nation of peacekeepers” so central to much of Canada’s self-identity? Why does Canada contribute so little to UN peacekeeping, especially troops? Hunter McGill (Textbook, Chapter 4) depicts Canada’s aid program as having long been inconsistent in terms of its priorities, its countries of focus, the channels through which it is provided (bilateral, multilateral or via NGOs) and the volumes of aid Canada has delivered. Is this a fair depiction of Canada’s aid program over the decades? Does Canada’s aid program under Prime Minister Justin Trudeau since 2015 fit this pattern or depart from it? What is new and not so new about the Trudeau government’s aid program? Lacking a large military and possessing only modest economic resources, Canada has often preferred to use “soft power” to influence international norms, often through multilateral channels. Describe and analyse how and why Canada took a leadership role using soft power in one of the following cases: The Ottawa Convention on anti-personnel landmines OR the Montreal Protocol on the reduction of the ozone layer. Analyse Canada’s role as a colonial power with respect to Indigenous peoples. Compare Canada’s policies towards Indigenous peoples under any three of the following Prime Ministers: John Diefenbaker, Pierre Trudeau, Stephen Harper, Justin Trudeau. What has (not) changed over the years and why?